We dug into the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s data to look at the average monthly electric bill for Alabama residential households. These averages are for the full year of 2018, not any specific month of 2019, given that electricity usage & prices fluctuate month-to-month.
Why Are Electric Bills in Alabama Comparatively High?
The two factors that make up the cost an electric bill are (1) cost and (2) consumption. Looking at each, you’ll notice the slightly lower electric rate (5.4%), which is a good deal, considering residents of Alabama tend to use 35.2% more electricity than the average. With an average temperature of 62.8 degrees, the high rate of consumption isn’t all that surprising.
Reasons for Low Electricity Rates in Alabama
With a lower electric rate of 5.4%, it’s important to understand what makes electricity more or less expensive. The factors affecting this number are:
- Supply – an increase in the supply of energy brings costs down. For example, weather events such as high amounts of rain or high wind speeds can temporarily increase the supply of energy where there are hydropower plants or wind turbines to take advantage, and as a result, lower electricity rates.
- Demand – an increase in the demand for energy causes costs to rise. This is because the use of more costly fuels, such as natural gas, help “fill in” for the rise in demand. For example, a heat wave might temporarily increase the demand for cooling and the subsequent need for fuels, and as a result, raise electricity rates.
Additional factors that impact electricity rates include state & federal regulations, global markets and even financial speculation.
Reasons for High Electricity Consumption in Alabama
Because Alabama uses so much more electricity than the average state (35.2%), it’s important to understand exactly what electricity is used for. The EIA looked at the end uses of electricity in the average American household and found the following breakdown:
“Other uses” includes small electric devices, heating elements, exterior lights, outdoor grills, pool and spa heaters, backup electricity generators, and motors not listed above. This does not include electric vehicle charging.
Tips for Lowering Electric Bill
- Reduce space heating/cooling – Given that heating & cooling make up a large part of the average electric bill, increasing energy efficiency in this area can have arguably the biggest impact on your bill. Here are some things you can do to reduce your usage in this area:
- Use a programmable thermostat (can reduce heating/cooling by ~10%)
- Use extra insulation
- Dress up/down to the temperature
- Replace your air filter more often
- Check seals on windows/doors/appliances for openings/leaks
- Reduce water heating – One of the next biggest portions of the average electric bill is from water heating, which can be reduced by showering at lower temperatures, taking shorter hot showers and by lowering the temperature on the water heater itself (ideally to 120 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Adjust fridge & freezer temperatures – Ideally, your fridge should be at 38 degrees and your freezer at 5 degrees Fahrenheit.
Where Does Alabama Get Its Electricity From?
Alabama’s uses a ton of natural gas to source their electricity, but the state has been moving towards nuclear power for a while now. The second biggest nuclear power plant, the Browns Ferry, resides in the state. Other than these two, hydroelectric power and biomass are some of Alabama’s top sources of electricity.
Hydroelectric plays such a big role, in fact, that Alabama is the “second-largest hydroelectric power producer east of the Rocky Mountains”, with New York taking 1st place, according to the EIA.
 Data from: https://www.eia.gov/electricity/data.php#sales