How to Serve an Eviction Notice in Montana

How to Serve an Eviction Notice in Montana

Last Updated: March 17, 2023 by Marnie Snyder

In Montana, in order for the delivery of a lease termination or eviction notice to be legal, certain rules and procedures must be followed. If they are not and the case proceeds to court, the case may be postponed or dismissed by a judge.

Who Can Serve Eviction Notices in Montana?

In Montana, landlords can serve eviction notices and lease termination notices themselves. Landlords may choose to hire a sheriff, process server or independent party over eighteen (18) years old to serve an official notice, but they are not required to do so by law.

When Can Eviction Notices Be Served in Montana?

In Montana, lease termination and eviction notices can be served immediately on any day of the week and at any time of day.

For a 3 Day Notice to Quit for nonpayment of rent, the eviction notice for tenants that do not pay rent in full and on time, a landlord can serve notice the day after rent is due. There is no legal grace period for paying rent in Montana, rent is late starting the day after it’s due.

Acceptable Forms of Service in Montana

A landlord can deliver notices in Montana using any of the below acceptable methods:

  1. Handing the notice to the tenant in person;
  2. Mailing the notice by certified mail with a return receipt or first class mail with a certificate of mailing;
  3. Sending the notice electronically (via email message) if agreed to by both parties.

When sending the notice by certified or first class mail, add three (3) calendar days to the notice period to account for variability in post office delivery times.

Obtaining Proof of Service in Montana 

A landlord can demonstrate proof that a notice was delivered through the following methods:

  • Hand Delivery – by completing a Declaration of Service at the time of delivery.
  • Certified/First Class Mail – via a return receipt or certificate of mailing and by completing a Declaration of Service at the time of mailing.
  • Electronic Delivery – by receiving a ‘read receipt’ confirmation from the email system or receiving a reply message from the recipient and completing a Declaration of Service.

Montana Eviction & Lease Termination Notice Forms

Notice Form Grounds
3 Day Notice to Quit Eviction for Unpaid Rent
3 Day Notice to Comply or Vacate Eviction for Verbally Abusing Landlord

Eviction for Unauthorized Pets / Occupants

14 Day Notice to Comply or Vacate Eviction for Lease Violation
3 Day Notice to Vacate Eviction for Illegal Activity
5 Day Notice to Vacate Eviction for Repeat Lease Violation
7 Day Notice to Vacate Ending a Weekly Lease
30 Day Notice to Vacate Ending a Monthly / Yearly Lease

Sources