Public Housing Statistics

Last Updated: May 9, 2022

Highlights. Housing assistance programs such as Section 8 & Public Housing provide affordable housing to 2.8% of Americans through rental and housing subsidies.

  • 9.3 million Americans benefit from housing assistance.
  • 2.1 million live in Section 8 housing.
  • 75% of public assistance households are female-headed.
  • $14,693 is the average income per public assistance household.
  • $347 is the average monthly rent among Section 8 households.

Section 8 Housing Assistance

Section 8 programs are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). There are two types of Section 8 housing assistance: the tenant-based Housing Choice Voucher program and the project-based Section 8 Project Housing.

  • 9.3 million or 2.84% of Americans benefit from Section 8 and other forms of housing assistance through HUD.
  • The median average rent among Section 8 households is $347 per month ($4,164 per year).
  • The average annual HUD household income is $14,693.
  • 2.07 million Americans live in Section 8 Project Housing.
  • 5.23 million use the Housing Choice Vouchers program (HCV).
  • HCV is a tenant-based housing assistance program that lets applicants choose their own program-approved housing.
  • 2.62 million households use HCV.
  • Tenants with housing vouchers pay up to 40% of their income for rent; the local public housing authority (PHA) pays the difference via direct deposit.
  • Housing vouchers are distributed by the area public housing authority (PHA).

Doughnut Chart: Program Usage Among HUD Benficiaries, 9.3 million Americans including Section 8 users

HUD Statistics

Millions more Americans benefit from other forms of housing assistance. When combined with Section 8 tenants, 4.6 million households are HUD households.

  • The average HUD household pays $355 in rent per month.
  • 66% of HUD users belong to racial minorities.
  • 47% are white, including white Hispanic (14%) as well as non-Hispanic(33%).
  • 45% of HUD-assisted individuals are Black.
  • 32% of households with children are female-headed.
  • 35% of HUD users are disabled in some way.
  • The average HUD household uses housing assistance for 9.8 years.
  • Households using rent support or a rental assistance program (RAP) remain part of their program the longest at an average of 13.4 years.

Bar Graph: HUD Family Income Limits (National), to qualify for public housing or section 8

Section 8 Tenant Eligibility

In general, a household may qualify for Section 8 assistance if the household is Very Low-Income or Extremely Low-Income as defined by the HUD.

  • A Very Low-Income household has an income that is 50% of the median income for that area.
  • An Extremely Low-Income household has an income that is 30% of the median.
  • Public housing agencies are legally required to provide 75% of vouchers to Extremely Low-Income households.
  • A local PHA may give preference to individuals or families under extreme conditions, such as homelessness or involuntary displacement.

Bar Graph: HUD Household Incomes, including Section 8 and all other houseing assistance programs

Section 8 Property Eligibility

In order to gain PHA approval, housing units must meet certain health and safety requirements.

  • The local PHA is required to inspect a Section 8 unit at least once per year regardless of tenant turnover.
  • Units must include fully operational drains and GFI outlets.
  • All outlets must have cover plates.
  • Kitchen appliances must be clean and functional.
  • All exterior-accessible windows must have locks.
  • There must be no missing, boken, or cracked windows.
  • Each bathroom must include a window or exhaust fan.
  • The roof must be waterproof and structurally sound.
  • All plumbing and plumbing fixtures must be fully operational.
  • There must be a fully operational shower or bathtub.
  • Kitchen and bathroom must be equipped with hot and cold water.
  • All stairs and railings must be secure.
  • No large holes in floors or floor coverings.
  • No tears in floor coverings.
  • No chipping interior paint.
  • No chipping exterior paint below 5ft.
  • Functional smoke detectors and CO2 detectors.

Fair Market Rent

Landlords must charge Fair Market Rent as defined by HUD. HUD releases new parameters each July.

  • HUD determines the national Fair Market Rent (FMR) in each of 2,500+ zones nationwide.
  • PHAs adjust the national FMR for neighborhoods, buildings, and individual housing units.
  • Adjusted FMRs must be within 90% to 110% of the HUD benchmark.

Owner Rights & Responsibilities

Owners and landlords who participate in Section 8 must meet certain HUD requirements.

  • Landlords of Section 8 approved units have the right to select their own tenants using whatever criteria they wish.*
  • Landlords collect a percentage of rent directly from tenants, and PHA covers the remainder via monthly direct deposit.
  • Landlords will only receive PHA deposits after the tenant has moved in.
  • Each PHA determines whether to include utilities as part of vouchers.
  • Landlords may collect a security deposit directly from the tenants up to the maximum amount allowed by the state’s security deposit law.

*It is illegal for landlords to descriminate against any individual based on race, ethnicity, color, religion, sex, gender, nationality, age, familial status, or disability.

Section 8 Project Housing

Also called Conventional Housing or Project Housing programs, Low Rent Public Housing refers to project-based housing assistance.

  • 1.3 million households reside in Section 8 Project Housing.
  • Section 8 Project Housing is not the same as Public Housing.
  • Rent prices are based on a percentage of resident income.
  • PHAs own and manage public housing developments.
  • HUD subsidizes public housing developments.

National Map: HUD Assistance Recipients Among General Population, including Section 8 tenants

Housing Assistance by State

Housing assistance programs typically involve coordination between agencies at local, state, and federal levels.

  • Indiana has the highest rate of program usage, serving households at 112% capacity (due to distribution of housing vouchers 34% beyond program capacity).
  • North Dakota has the lowest rate of program usage, serving households at 76% capacity.
  • Mississippi has the largest HUD households with an average 2.4 residents per housing unit.
  • New Hampshire has the smallest households with an average 1.7 residents.
  • Utah has the smallest number of HUD residents per capita at 1.12%.
  • The District of Columbia has the highest number of HUD residents per capita at 7.76%.
  • Among states only, Rhode Island has the highest rate of HUD residents at 5.62%.

Jump to a state: AL | AK | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | DC | FL | GA | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO | MT | NE | NA | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | OH | OK | OR | PA | PR | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UT | VT | VA | VI | WA | WV | WI | WY

Housing Assistance Recipients by State
State Total HUD Households Occupancy Rate
Alabama 92,593 89%
Alaska 7,838 97%
Arizona 41,211 92%
Arkansas 51,000 88%
California 496,899 90%
Colorado 62,371 89%
Connecticut 82,678 91%
Delaware 13,082 91%
District of Columbia 34,444 82%
Florida 198,481 92%
Georgia 134,966 89%
Hawaii 23,176 84%
Idaho 12,563 89%
Illinois 228,497 91%
Indiana 89,273 112%
Iowa 40,884 88%
Kansas 35,288 85%
Kentucky 85,350 89%
Louisiana 94,648 85%
Maine 27,051 91%
Maryland 102,076 88%
Massachusetts 195,859 94%
Michigan 145,810 90%
Minnesota 91,016 90%
Mississippi 55,842 93%
Missouri 92,649 89%
Montana 13,902 85%
Nebraska 27,840 88%
Nevada 23,322 96%
New Hampshire 21,949 93%
New Jersey 168,370 93%
New Mexico 26,066 84%
New York 594,253 91%
North Carolina 128,012 89%
North Dakota 13,859 76%
Ohio 225,526 92%
Oklahoma 52,112 91%
Oregon 54,820 90%
Pennsylvania 222,442 89%
Puerto Rico 106,944 93%
Rhode Island 38,216 93%
South Carolina 38,216 92%
South Dakota 13,893 84%
Tennessee 104,848 92%
Texas 284,105 87%
Utah 19,258 91%
Vermont 12,497 91%
Virginia 106,170 89%
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 6,146 76%
Washington 91,750 92%
West Virginia 34,006 91%
Wisconsin 77,593 88%
Wyoming 5,769 93%

National Map: HUD Assistance Program Utilization, occupancy and resource usership for Secion 8, etc.

Alabama

82,831 households in Alabama occupy 89% of available HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Alabama averages 2.2 members.
  • 3.66% of the population benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 18,842 households live in Section 8 Project Housing, occupying 93% of 19,806 units.
  • Alabama PHAs distribute 33,156 (85% of 92,593 available) Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers.
  • 28,243 Alabama households live in (91% of 31,287 available) Public Housing units.
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 1,994 households in Alabama use Section 202 housing assistance for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 565 use Section 811 or housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No renters assistance program.

Alaska

7,522 households in Alaska occupying 97% of available HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Alaska averages 2 members.
  • 2.04% of the population of Alaska benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 4,694 Alaska households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers for 98% program utilization (4,858 available).
  • 1,129 households live in Section 8 Project Housing for 94% occupancy of 1,205 available units.
  • 1,209 households in Alaska live in (97% of 1,253 available) Public Housing units.
  • 257 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (96% capacity).
  • 163 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • 70 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (97% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Arizona

39,353 households in Arizona occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Arizona averages 2.2 members.
  • 1.2% of the population of Arizona benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 23,660 Arizona households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers for 90% program utilization (24,822 available).
  • 8,682 households live in Section 8 Project Housing for 95% occupancy of 8,926 units.
  • 4,365 households in Arizona live in Public Housing (4,677 units at 94% occupancy).
  • 204 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (55% capacity).
  • 1,858 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 464 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • 120 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (147% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Arkansas

45,387 households in Arkansas occupy 88% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Arkansas averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.9% of the population of Arkansas benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 22,721 households in Arkansas use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers for 83% program utilization.
  • 10,430 Arkansas households live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% occupancy).
  • 9,766 live in Public Housing (94% occupancy).
  • 1,527 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (94% capacity).
  • 835 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • 108 Arkansas households benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (91% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

California

453,769 households in California occupy 90% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in California averages 2.1 members.
  • 2.36% of the population of California benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 311,812 Californiahouseholds use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (88% capacity).
  • 98,609 households in California live in Section 8 Project Housing (95% occupancy).
  • 25,395 live in public housing (96% capacity).
  • 243 California households use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (32% capacity).
  • 13,481 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (99% capacity).
  • 2,463 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (99% capacity).
  • 1,766 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (102% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Colorado

57,044 households in Colorado occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Colorado averages 2 members.
  • 1.96% of the population of Colorado benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 31,463 Colorado households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (86% capacity).
  • 15,936 households in Colorado live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 7,102 live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 13 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 1,426 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 347 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (90% capacity).
  • 757 Colorado households benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (101% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Connecticut

75,674 households in Connecticut occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Connecticut averages 2 members.
  • 4.16% of the population of Connecticut benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 38,358 Connecticut households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (87% capacity).
  • 22,585 Connecticut households live in Section 8 Project Housing (96% capacity).
  • 12,307 households in Connecticut live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 1,868 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 224 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 324 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (113% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Delaware

12,028 households in Delaware occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Delaware averages 2.1 members.
  • 2.56% of the population of Delaware benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 4,894 Delaware households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (87% capacity).
  • 4,460 households in Delaware live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 1,954 households live in Public Housing (92% capacity).
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 410 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 310 Delaware households use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No renters assistance program.

District of Columbia

26,918 households in D.C. occupy 82% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in D.C. averages 2 members.
  • 7.76% of the population of D.C. benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 11,679 D.C. households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (77% capacity).
  • 9,242 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 5,246 households in D.C. live in Public Housing (79% capacity).
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 397 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 124 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (90% capacity).
  • 230 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (77% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Florida

186,938 households in Florida occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Florida averages 2.2 members.
  • 1.90% of the population of Florida benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 110,095 Florida households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (90% capacity).
  • 40,355 households in Florida live in Section 8 Project Housing (95% capacity).
  • 24,106 live in Public Housing (89% capacity).
  • 281 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (95% capacity).
  • 7,530 Florida households use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (99% capacity).
  • 1,442 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 3,129 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (102% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Georgia

122,419 households in Georgia occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Georgia averages 2.3 members.
  • 2.60% of the population of Georgia benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 60,237 Georgia households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (84% capacity).
  • 31,574 households in Georgia live in Section 8 Project Housing (91% capacity).
  • 27,273 Georgia households live in Public Housing (96% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 2,635 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 577 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 116 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (199% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Hawaii

19,320 households in Hawaii occupy 84% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Hawaii averages 2.5 members.
  • 3.37% of the population of Hawaii benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 10,713 Hawaii households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (76% capacity).
  • 3,046 households in Hawaii live in Section 8 Project Housing (95% capacity).
  • 4,721 live in Public Housing (96% capacity).
  • 28 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (7.00% capacity).
  • 583 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 200 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 29 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (78% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Idaho

11,535 households in Idaho occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Idaho averages 1.9 members.
  • 1.20% of the population of Idaho benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 6,732 Idaho households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (85% capacity).
  • 3,664 households in Idaho live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 658 live in Public Housing (97% capacity).
  • 378 Idaho households use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 103 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (96% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Illinois

207,469 households in Illinois occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Illinois averages 2 members.
  • 3.20% of the population of Illinois benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 99,181 Illinois households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (89% capacity).
  • 61,660 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 38,458 households in Illinois live in Public Housing (89% capacity).
  • 230 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (48% capacity).
  • 5,329 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 1,517 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 1,094 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (132% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Indiana

80,711 households in Indiana occupy 112% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Indiana averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.31% of the population of Indiana benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 38,174 Indiana households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (134% capacity).
  • 28,682 households of Indiana live in Section 8 Project Housing (92% capacity).
  • 10,828 live in Public Housing (87% capacity).
  • 85 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (53% capacity).
  • 2,148 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 739 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 55 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (89% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Iowa

35,909 households in Iowa occupy 88% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Iowa averages 1.8 members.
  • 2.00% of the population of Iowa benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 19,813 Iowa households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (84% capacity).
  • 11,075 live in Section 8 Project Housing (91% capacity).
  • 3,738 households in Iowa live in Public Housing (94% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 1,029 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (96% capacity).
  • 236 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • 14 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (100% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Kansas

29,992 households in Kansas occupy 85% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Kansas averages 1.7 members.
  • 1.75% of the population of Kansas benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 11,106 Kansas households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (79% capacity).
  • 10,216 live in Section 8 Project Housing (89% capacity).
  • 7,632 in households Kansas live in Public Housing (88% capacity).
  • 19 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (12% capacity).
  • 718 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 301 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (85% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No renters assistance program.

Kentucky

75,190 households in Kentucky occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Kentucky averages 2 members.
  • 3.32% of the population of Kentucky benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 31,715 Kentucky households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (84% capacity).
  • 21,386 Section 8 Project Housing (92% capacity).
  • 19,918 households in Kentucky Public Housing (93% capacity).
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 1,541 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (95% capacity).
  • 478 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • 152 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (93% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Louisiana

81,390 families in Louisiana occupy 85% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Louisiana averages 2.2 members.
  • 3.89% of the population of Louisiana benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 47,659 Louisiana households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (81% capacity).
  • 14,360 live in Section 8 Project Housing units (93% capacity).
  • 16,263 households in Louisiana live in Public Housing units (90% capacity).
  • 52 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (63% capacity).
  • 1,929 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (95% capacity).
  • 842 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 285 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (125% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Maine

25,001 households in Maine occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Maine averages 1.8 members.
  • 3.29% of the population of Maine benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 12,137 Maine households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (86% capacity).
  • 7,933 live in Section 8 Project Housing (97% capacity).
  • 3,763 households in Maine live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 16 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (17% capacity).
  • 756 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 167 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • 229 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (86% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Maryland

90,377 households in Maryland occupy 88% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Maryland averages 2 members.
  • 3.04% of the population of Maryland benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 49,441 Maryland households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (85% capacity).
  • 26,259 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 9,828 household Maryland live in Public Housing (84% capacity).
  • 288 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (54% capacity).
  • 3,152 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 1,042 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • 346 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (102% capacity).
  • 21 use the rental assistance program (RAP) (90% capacity).

Massachusetts

182,940 households in Massachusetts occupy 94% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household averages 1.9 members.
  • 5.01% of the population benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 89,187 households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (92% capacity).
  • 56,339 live in Section 8 Project Housing (96% capacity).
  • 30,729 live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 165 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (9.3% capacity).
  • 3,771 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 870 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 1,879 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (95% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Michigan

130,544 households occupy 90% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Massachusetts averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.44% of the population of Massachusetts benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 54,250 Massachusetts households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (85% capacity).
  • 53,674 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 17,868 households in Massachusetts live in Public Housing (92% capacity).
  • 793 households in Massachusetts use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (43% capacity).
  • 3,146 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 519 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (97% capacity).
  • 294 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (95% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Minnesota

84,380 households in Minnesota occupy 90% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Minnesota averages 2 members.
  • 3.04% of the population of Minnesota benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 34,311 Minnesota households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (87% capacity).
  • 31,797 live in Section 8 Project Housing (90% capacity).
  • 15,011 households in Minnesota live in Public Housing (96% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 2,268 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 702 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 285 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (102% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Mississippi

52,290 households in Mississippi occupy 93% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Mississippi averages 2.4 members.
  • 4.13% of the population of Mississippi benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 25,486 Mississippi households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (92% capacity).
  • 17,468 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 7,969 households in Mississippi live in Public Housing (96% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 963 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 403 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No renters assistance program.

Missouri

81,841 households in Missouri occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Missouri averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.58% of the population of Missouri benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 40,053 Missouri households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (86% capacity).
  • 22,805 live in Section 8 Project Housing (92% capacity).
  • 14,986 households in Missouri live in Public Housing (91% capacity).
  • 86 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (37% capacity).
  • 2,916 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly (96% capacity).
  • 975 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • 20 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (90% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Montana

11,977 households in Montana occupy 85% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Montana averages 1.8 members.
  • 2.00% of the population of Montana benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 5,728 Montana households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (80% capacity).
  • 3,793 live in Section 8 Project Housing (88% capacity).
  • 1,574 households in Montana live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 21 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (50% capacity).
  • 457 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 129 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • 275 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (88% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Nebraska

24,696 households in Nebraska occupy 88% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Nebraska averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.43% of the population of Nebraska benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 11,596 Nebraska households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (86% capacity).
  • 5,545 live in Section 8 Project Housing (88% capacity).
  • 6,561 households in Nebraska live in Public Housing (93% capacity).
  • 560 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (96% capacity).
  • 346 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (87% capacity).
  • 88 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (127% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Nevada

22,287 households in Nevada occupy 96% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Nevada averages 2.2 members.
  • 1.61% of the population of Nevada benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 15,651 Nevada households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (96% capacity).
  • 3,125 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 2,802 households in Nevada live in Public Housing (98% capacity).
  • 410 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 299 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

New Hampshire

21,019 households in New Hampshire occupy 93% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in New Hampshire averages 1.7 members.
  • 2.57% of the population of New Hampshire benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 10,297 New Hampshire households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (90% capacity).
  • 5,668 live in Section 8 Project Housing (97% capacity).
  • 3,705 households in New Hampshire live in Public Housing (97% capacity).
  • 1,180 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly (97% capacity).
  • 31 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • 138 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (96% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

New Jersey

154,073 households in New Jersey occupy 93% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in New Jersey averages 1.9 members.
  • 3.34% of the population of New Jersey benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 75,518 New Jersey households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (90% capacity).
  • 46,473 live in Section 8 Project Housing (96% capacity).
  • 26,602 households in New Jersey live in Public Housing (93% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 3,669 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 898 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 405 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (88% capacity).
  • 507 use rental assistance (24% program capacity).

New Mexico

21,817 households in New Mexico occupy 84% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in New Mexico averages 2 members.
  • 2.12% of the population of New Mexico benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 12,005 New Mexico households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (78% capacity).
  • 5,272 live in Section 8 Project Housing (92% capacity).
  • 3,591 households in New Mexico live in Public Housing (92% capacity).
  • 672 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 261 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • 16 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (229% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

New York

530,473 households in New York occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in New York averages 2 members.
  • 5.55% of the population of New York benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 227,545 New York households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (86% capacity).
  • 102,443 live in Section 8 Project Housing (90% capacity).
  • 179,141 households in New York live in Public Housing (97% capacity).
  • 2,066 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (29% capacity).
  • 12,972 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 1,742 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 4,561 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (% capacity).
  • None benefit from rental assistance.

North Carolina

114,453 households in North Carolina occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in North Carolina averages 2.1 members.
  • 2.32% of the population of North Carolina benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 60,038 households in North Carolina use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (86% capacity).
  • 26,315 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 23,294 households in North Carolina live in Public Housing (92% capacity).
  • 44 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (60% capacity).
  • 3,077 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 1,523 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 162 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (85% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

North Dakota

10,930 households in North Dakota occupy 76% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in North Dakota averages 1.7 members.
  • 2.49% of the population of North Dakota benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 7,087 North Dakota households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (74% capacity).
  • 2,297 live in Section 8 Project Housing (81% capacity).
  • 1,283 households in North Dakota live in Public Housing (78% capacity).
  • 60 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (80% capacity).
  • 117 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (89% capacity).
  • 86 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (81% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Ohio

209,386 households in Ohio occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Ohio averages 2 members.
  • 3.51% of the population of Ohio benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 93,300 Ohio households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (89% capacity).
  • 70,822 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 36,831 households in Ohio live in Public Housing (94% capacity).
  • 6,465 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 1,588 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 380 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (92% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Oklahoma

48,806 households in Oklahoma occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Oklahoma averages 2 members.
  • 2.43% of the population of Oklahoma benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 24,366 Oklahoma households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (91% capacity).
  • 12,176 live in Section 8 Project Housing (91% capacity).
  • 10,476 households in Oklahoma live in Public Housing (93% capacity).
  • 1,040 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (93% capacity).
  • 667 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 81 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (99% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Oregon

50,998 households in Oregon occupy 90% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Oregon averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.30% of the population of Oregon benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 36,418 Oregon households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (89% capacity).
  • 9,434 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 2,987 households in Oregon live in Public Housing (97% capacity).
  • 1,378 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 516 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (96% capacity).
  • 265 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (105% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Pennsylvania

198,778 households in Pennsylvania occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Pennsylvania averages 1.9 members.
  • 2.92% of the population of Pennsylvania benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 54,754 Pennsylvania households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (81% capacity).
  • 58,772 live in Section 8 Project Housing (95% capacity).
  • 77,012 households in Pennsylvania live in Public Housing (94% capacity).
  • 121 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (47% capacity).
  • 5,829 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 1,157 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 1,133 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (110% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Puerto Rico

96,598 households in Puerto Rico occupy 72% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Puerto Rico averages 2.2 members.
  • 27,912 households in Puerto Rico use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (89% capacity).
  • 17,195 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 49,524 households in Puerto Rico live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 903 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (93% capacity).
  • 131 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • 933 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (85% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Rhode Island

35,387 households in Rhode Island occupy 93% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Rhode Island averages 1.7 members.
  • 5.62% of the population of Rhode Island benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 9,151 Rhode Island households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (83% capacity).
  • 15,548 live in Section 8 Project Housing (97% capacity).
  • 8,754 households in Rhode Island live in Public Housing (96% capacity).
  • 1,238 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 478 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (97% capacity).
  • 218 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (142% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

South Carolina

58,791 households in South Carolina occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in South Carolina averages 2.2 members.
  • 2.51% of the population of South Carolina benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 25,945 South Carolina households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (90% capacity).
  • 18,001 live in Section 8 Project Housing (95% capacity).
  • 11,944 households in South Carolina live in Public Housing (94% capacity).
  • 1,690 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 1,029 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (97% capacity).
  • 182 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (67%% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

South Dakota

11,660 households in South Dakota occupy 84% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in South Dakota averages 1.8 members.
  • 2.39% of the population of South Dakota benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 5,344 South Dakota households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (80% capacity).
  • 4,568 live in Section 8 Project Housing (86% capacity).
  • 1,382 households in South Dakota live in Public Housing (91% capacity).
  • 179 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (94% capacity).
  • 79 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • 108 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (91% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Tennessee

98,118 households in Tennessee occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Tennessee averages 2.1 members.
  • 2.95% of the population of Tennessee benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 36,567 Tennessee households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (92% capacity).
  • 36,869 live in Section 8 Project Housing (91% capacity).
  • 21,140 households in Tennessee live in Public Housing (93% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 2,609 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 686 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • 238 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (154% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Texas

252,992 households in Texas occupy 87% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Texas averages 2.3 members.
  • 2.01% of the population of Texas benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 151,455 Texas households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (84% capacity).
  • 54,206 live in Section 8 Project Housing (91% capacity).
  • 38,971 households in Texas live in Public Housing (92% capacity).
  • 19 use Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing (83% capacity).
  • 6,198 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 1,196 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 947 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (116% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Utah

18,313 households in Utah occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Utah averages 2 members.
  • 1.12% of the population of Utah benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 11,840 Utah households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (90% capacity).
  • 4,132 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 1,462 households in Utah live in Public Housing (98% capacity).
  • 630 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 112 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (98% capacity).
  • 137 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (72% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Vermont

12,022 households in Vermont occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Vermont averages 1.8 members.
  • 3.38% of the population of Vermont benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 7,957 Vermont households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (89% capacity).
  • 3,256 live in Section 8 Project Housing (97% capacity).
  • 452 households in Vermont live in Public Housing (76% capacity).
  • 248 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (96% capacity).
  • 62 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (91% capacity).
  • 47 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (188% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Virginia

95,521 households in Virginia occupy 89% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Virginia averages 2.1 members.
  • 2.40% of the population of Virginia benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 49,712 Virginia households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (85% capacity).
  • 28,949 live in Section 8 Project Housing (94% capacity).
  • 13,646 households in Virginia live in Public Housing (91% capacity).
  • None benefit from Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.
  • 2,321 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 569 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (93% capacity).
  • 320 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (90% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.

Virgin Islands (U.S.)

4,415 households in Virgin Islands occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Virgin Islands averages 2.3 members.
  • 1,387 Virgin Islands households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (78% capacity).
  • 951 live in Section 8 Project Housing (70% capacity).
  • 1,992 households in Virgin Islands live in Public Housing (76% capacity).
  • 54 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (98% capacity).
  • 31 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • No moderate rehabilitation program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Washington

88,335 households in Washington occupy 92% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Washington averages 2 members.
  • 2.30% of the population of Washington benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 60,096 Washington households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (91% capacity).
  • 14,257 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 10,520 households in Washington live in Public Housing (97% capacity).
  • 2,494 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (99% capacity).
  • 492 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (96% capacity).
  • 476 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (89% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

West Virginia

31,324 households in West Virginia occupy 91% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in West Virginia averages 1.8 members.
  • 3.13% of the population of West Virginia benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 14,417 West Virginia households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (88% capacity).
  • 10,137 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 5,997 households in West Virginia live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 325 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (91% capacity).
  • 314 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (92% capacity).
  • 134 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (66% capacity).
  • No renters assistance program.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Wisconsin

68,585 households in Wisconsin occupy 88% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Wisconsin averages 1.7 members.
  • 2.00% of the population of Wisconsin benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 26,617 Wisconsin households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (79% capacity).
  • 29,653 live in Section 8 Project Housing (93% capacity).
  • 10,102 households in Wisconsin live in Public Housing (96% capacity).
  • 1,628 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (96% capacity).
  • 495 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (94% capacity).
  • 90 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (111% capacity).
  • No renters assistance.
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Wyoming

5,451 households in Wyoming occupy 93% of HUD units.

  • Each HUD household in Wyoming averages 1.7 members.
  • 1.56% of the population of Wyoming benefits from HUD assistance.
  • 2,603 Wyoming households use Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers (97% capacity).
  • 2,029 live in Section 8 Project Housing (87% capacity).
  • 629 households in Wyoming live in Public Housing (95% capacity).
  • 137 use Section 202 affordable housing for elderly persons (97% capacity).
  • 42 use Section 811 affordable housing for disabled persons (95% capacity).
  • 11 benefit from the moderate rehabilitation program (94% capacity).
  • No Section 236 or Multi-Family Subsidized Housing.

Other Affordable Housing Programs

In common usage, “Section 8” may refer to housing assistance in general. Not all housing assistance programs are subsidized by HUD.

  • 880,145 households or 1.82 million Americans live in Public Housing.
  • The average household has 2.1 members.
  • 32,813 Americans benefit from Moderate Rehabilitation or Mod Rehab, which helps homeless individuals find housing.
  • Tax credits are ultimately managed by the Internal Revenue Service.
  • HOME is the largest Federal grant program, which finances affordable housing in participating jurisdictions.
  • Section 236 refers to multi-family subsidized housing.

Section 202: Housing for Elderly

Under Section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959, HUD provides Supportive Housing for the Elderly through rent and housing subsidies.

  • 132,110 Americans benefit from Section 202.
  • The program is at 97% capacity.
  • The average number of tenants per unit is 1.1.
  • Eligible tenants are very low-income households that include at least one person over the age of 62.
  • A property must provide housing to very low-income elderly for a minimum of 40 years in order to qualify for HUD subsidies.
  • Only private nonprofit organizations and nonprofit consumer cooperatives are eligible to participate in the program as property owners.

Section 811: Housing for Disabled

Under Section 811 of the National Affordable Housing Act of 1990, HUD provides Supportive Housing for Persons with Disabilities via subsidies.

  • 34,298 Americans benefit from Section 811.
  • The program operates at 94% capacity.
  • The average number of tenants per unit is 1.1.
  • Disabled adults may qualify only if they are very low-income or extremely-low income as defined by HUD.
  • Adults with physical disability, developmental disability, and/or chronic mental illness are eligible.
  • Nonprofit developers of affordable housing for persons with disabilities may be eligible for interest-free capital advances.
  • State housing agencies may provide project rental assistance to new or existing multifamily housing complexes funded through state, Federal, and local programs.

Sources

  1. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Housing Choice Vouchers Fact Sheet
  2. HUD, Program Offices: Public Housing
  3. HUD Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R), Assisted Housing: National and Local
  4. PD&R Edge, A Snapshot of HUD-Assisted Households
  5. Housing Authority of the City of High Point, Frequently Asked Questions From Landlords About The Section 8 Program
  6. Northwestern Regional Housing Authority, What is the difference between Section 8 and Public Housing?
  7. National Center for Housing Management, Section 8 vs. Section 42
  8. Iowa State University Community Indicators Program, Annual Estimates of the Total Population for States
  9. U.S. Census Bureau, World Population Clock