In Kansas, if a written or oral lease or a landlord accepts regular rent payments, then according to Kansas Law (Kansas Residential Landlord & Tenant Act) a renter has certain rights, including the right to a habitable dwelling, and the right to due process before evictions.
Landlords also have certain rights, including the right to collect rent in a timely manner and be reimbursed for costs from damages that exceed normal wear and tear.
Note: These rights exist regardless of a rental agreement stating otherwise.
In addition to the below, check your local county and municipality law for additional landlord-tenant regulations.
Landlord Responsibilities in Kansas
Kansas runs on an implied warranty of habitability that all landlords must abide by. Landlords must also make requested repairs in a timely manner, though this timeframe is not specified by law. If they do not, then Kansas tenants are empowered to make repairs and deduct the cost from future rental payments.
Here are amenities that Kansas landlords may or may not be responsible for.
|Heating and air conditioning||Yes|
It is illegal for a landlord to evict a tenant for exercising their right to habitable housing (e.g. filing a health or safety violation).
Tenant Responsibilities in Kansas
Aside from making rental payments in a timely manner, Kansas tenants must:
- Keep the dwelling safe and habitable
- Remove trash and garbage
- Make minor repairs and maintenance
- Not disturb other tenants or neighbors
Evictions in Kansas
Kansas landlords may evict tenants for the following reasons:
- Nonpayment of rent – if a tenant fails to pay rent within the first three months, then the landlord may issue a 3-Day Notice to Pay or Quit. If the tenant has rented for more than 3 months the landlord may file a 10-Day Notice to Pay or Quit. In both cases, if rent goes unpaid then the landlord can pursue formal eviction.
- Violation of lease terms – if a lease violation occurs, then landlords may issue a 14/30-Day Notice to Cure or Quit. The tenant must fix their behavior within 14 days. If they fail to do so then they must move out in the next 30 days.
- Illegal acts – Kansas landlords have generally broad authority to determine which illegal acts are grounds for eviction. If an illegal activity occurs, the landlord may pursue immediate eviction.
At-will tenants are entitled to at least 30 days’ notice before eviction. Also, landlords are prohibited from evicting as retaliation for reporting violations or joining a tenant union, and for discriminatory reasons.
Security Deposits in Kansas
- Standard Limit/Maximum Amount – 1 month (furnished), 1 ½ month’s rent (unfurnished), ½ month’s rent (pets).
- Time Limit for Returns – 14 with request, 30 days otherwise.
- Penalty if not Returned on Time – If a landlord wrongfully withholds a security deposit then they could be required to pay up to 1.5 times the original amount as a penalty.
- Allowable Deductions – missing rent, repairs for damages that exceed wear and tear.
Lease Termination in Kansas
Notice requirements. Tenants without a fixed end-date for their lease must give the following notice before breaking a lease:
|Rent Payment Frequency||Notice Needed|
Early termination. Kansas tenants may legally break a lease for the following reasons:
- Early termination clause
- Active military duty
- Uninhabitable unit
- Landlord harassment
Kansas tenants that break a lease early may still be required to pay rent for the remainder of the lease. Landlords have an obligation to re-rent the unit in a reasonable manner.
Rent Increases & Related Fees in Kansas
- Rent control. Kansas law does not allow for rent control at either a state or local level. As such, Kansas landlords can charge as much as they want for rent.
- Rental increases. Landlords must provide at least 30 days’ written notice before raising rent, though they are not limited in how much they can raise.
- Rent-related fees. Kansas law does not put a limit on late fee penalties as long as they are in the lease agreement. Kansas does limit returned check fees to $30.
Housing Discrimination in Kansas
Protected groups. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status, or disability. This law does not apply to owner-occupied homes or homes operated by religious organizations. Kansas state law doesn’t offer extra protections for any other group.
Discriminatory acts & penalties. The following acts may be interpreted as discriminatory if directed at a member of a protected class:
- Refusing to rent or sell housing
- Offering different terms, conditions, or privileges
- Intimidating or coercing tenants who exercise their rights
- Falsely denying housing availability
- Blockbusting or screening particular tenants out of a neighborhood
If you feel like you have been a victim of housing discrimination, you can file a complaint with the Kansas Human Rights Commission here.
Additional Landlord Tenant Regulations in Kansas
Landlord Right to Entry in Kansas
Landlords are required to give tenants “reasonable’ notice before entering inhabited properties. Landlords and tenants may define their own terms in agreements, although landlords are assumed to not need notice when entering during emergencies.
Small Claims Court in Kansas
Kansas small claims court will hear rent-related cases amounting to less than $4,000. The statute of limitations on rent-related cases is 5 years for a written lease and 3 years for an oral lease.
Mandatory Disclosures in Kansas
Kansas landlords only have to make 2 mandatory disclosures:
- Lead-based paint – landlords that own homes built before 1978 must provide info about concentrations of lead-based paint.
- Authorized agents – Landlords must also provide the names and addresses of all parties involved in renting or managing the property.
Changing the Locks in Kansas
Under Kansas law, tenants are not forbidden from changing their locks. Landlords may not unilaterally change the locks on tenants as a form of eviction.
Additional Resources for Kansas Renters
To learn more, please refer to the below digital resources.
Kansas Tenants Handbook – Though it isn’t published by the Kansas state government, this handbook is by far the best digital resource available for new and seasoned tenants in the Sunflower State. This book’s format is centered around important questions posed by tenants, so you can easily find answers on topics across the landlord-tenant law spectrum.
Kansas Statutes Chapter 58, Section 25 – This section of the Kansas statutory code details almost every regulatory provision that applies to landlord-tenant leasing relationships. Parties that are in dispute should turn to this resource if they are looking to understand the most up-to-date language that governs their situation.
Small Claims Court – What is it? How do I use it? – This consumer-oriented pamphlet from the Kansas Bar Association is designed to succinctly answer a landlord or a tenant’s questions regarding how the state’s small claims court operates. This pamphlet also contains a valuable list of legal terms that tenants are forced to content with if their landlord attempts to bring suit against them.