Landlord’s Right To Entry in Minnesota

Landlord’s Right To Entry in Minnesota

Last Updated: June 4, 2024 by Roberto Valenzuela

Legal Reasons for Entry
  • Inspections (incl. disturbances and lease violations)
  • Maintenance
  • Property Showings
  • Emergencies
  • Prearranged Housekeeping Work (senior housing only)
  • Property Abandonment
Notice Requirement
  • 24 Hours, Written or Verbal
  • None Needed for Emergencies
Penalties for Illegal Entry
  • Rent Reduction
  • Return of Security Deposit
  • $500 Civil Penalty (per violation)
  • Breaking the Lease
  • Court + Legal Fees

Does a Landlord Have the Right To Enter a Rental Property in Minnesota?

In Minnesota, the landlord has a right to enter a rental property for reasonable business purposes between 8:00AM and 8:00PM (unless the tenant agrees otherwise), after making a good faith effort to give the tenant reasonable advance notice. Minnesota law defines reasonable business purposes as the following:

  • Inspecting the property (including to check for disturbances, lease violations, or a potentially vacated property)
  • Maintenance and repairs
  • Showing the property to insurance agents, or potential renters and buyers
  • Prearranged housekeeping work (only in senior housing where >80% of tenants are over age 55)
  • Emergencies

Can a Landlord Enter Without Permission in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords can legally enter a rental property without permission, as long as the purpose and manner of entry fall within the legal requirements. As long as the landlord has a valid reason, and follows a valid notice process, the tenant’s consent to enter is irrelevant.

Can a Landlord Enter Without the Tenant Present in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords can legally enter a rental property without the tenant present. However, if the landlord isn’t entering with prior notice to the tenant, he must leave written confirmation of his entry before leaving. Otherwise, the tenant can sue to recover up to $500 per entry.

Can a Landlord Show a House While Occupied in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords can show an occupied house. The renter can’t unreasonably refuse.

How Often Can Landlords Conduct Routine Inspections in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords have no specific limit on how often they can enter for inspections. The landlord isn’t allowed to enter unreasonably often, but what’s reasonable gets decided case by case.

How Much Notice Does a Landlord Need To Provide in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords must provide at least 24 hours of advance notice before entering, unless there’s a qualifying emergency situation.

Can a Landlord Enter Without Notice in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords can enter without notice, in the following situations:

  • Emergency protection of persons or property, because of conditions relating to maintenance, building security, or law enforcement
  • Emergency safety check on a tenant
  • Compliance with a local ordinance related to illegal activity on the premises

If the tenant isn’t present, the landlord is legally required to leave written disclosure of his entry before exiting the property.

How Can Landlords Notify Tenants of an Intention To Enter in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords can notify tenants verbally or in writing about an intention to enter.

Can a Tenant Refuse Entry to a Landlord in Minnesota?

Minnesota tenants can refuse entry to a landlord for the following reasons:

  • Entry is not for a legally valid purpose
  • Insufficient or improper advance notice
  • Entry took place outside the hours of 8:00AM-8:00PM, without the tenant’s approval

What Happens If the Tenant Illegally Refuses Entry to the Landlord in Minnesota?

Minnesota landlords can take any of the following actions if a tenant illegally refuses entry:

  • Get a court order to force access
  • Deliver a written Notice To Comply or Vacate
  • Recover cost of any actual damages

Can a Tenant Change the Locks Without Permission in Minnesota?

Minnesota tenants can change locks without permission if the lease doesn’t say otherwise. Note that the landlord still has a right to enter for specific reasons, so it’s reasonable for tenants to provide copies of current keys.

What Can a Tenant Do If the Landlord Enters Illegally in Minnesota?

Minnesota courts may provide any or all of the following relief if a landlord enters illegally:

  • Rent reduction
  • Terminating the lease without penalty to the tenant
  • Recovery of the damage deposit (minus appropriate deductions)
  • Recovery of a civil penalty of $500 for each illegal entry