The Alabama rental agreements are legal contracts made between a landlord and a tenant. This document binds them into a landlord-tenant relationship, where the tenant makes regular rent payments (usually monthly) in exchange for use of the property. All agreements should follow the Alabama landlord-tenant laws.
Alabama Rental Agreement Types
Alabama Required Lease Disclosures
- Landlord’s Name & Address (required for all) – Alabama landlords must provide their contact information in the lease agreement for serving legal notices and receiving correspondence.
- Lead-Based Paint Disclosures (required for some) – For the safety of tenants, Alabama landlords must provide notice of the potential risks of lead-based paint in homes built prior to 1978 with a specific disclosure form and pamphlet in addition to any known hazards in the building.
To learn more about required disclosures in Alabama, click here.
Alabama Landlord Tenant Laws
- Warranty of Habitability – Alabama landlords are required to provide operational plumbing, electrical outlets, HVAC, sanitation facilities, trash can, safe stairs and railings, safe floors, smoke detectors and hot/cold water to all tenants. If any of these amenities break down, an Alabama landlord has a reasonable amount of time to act upon a tenant’s repair request. Alabama tenants may not withhold rent or use the repair and deduct method.
- Eviction Process – An Alabama landlord may evict their tenant for failing to pay rent, violating a lease term, violating a code, providing false information on a rental agreement/application, or engaging in an illegal act. All types of eviction come with a 30-day or 7-day notice requirement.
- Security Deposits – An Alabama landlord may not charge more than 1 months’ rent in value as a security deposit. Once a lease is complete, an Alabama landlord must return said security deposit within 60 days.
- Lease Termination – A month-to-month lease in Alabama can be terminated legally if a 7- or 30-days’ advance notice is provided. A fixed term lease, on the other hand, can be broken for reasons of military duty, landlord harassment, habitability issues, domestic violence, etc.
- Rent Increases & Fees – Alabama does not limit how much a landlord can charge for rent, nor do they limit how often rent can be raised. An Alabama landlord may charge any fee or amount specified in their lease agreements (except for bounced check fees, which are capped at $30 per instance).
- Landlord Entry – An Alabama landlord must provide 2 days of notice in writing before entering a tenant’s dwelling. This requirement does not apply in emergency situations.
- Settling Legal Disputes – Alabama landlords and tenants can litigate disputes valued at up to $6,000 in the state’s small claims court. These cases come with a 6-year statute of limitations, however.
To learn more about landlord tenant laws in Alabama, click here.