The Connecticut rental agreements are legal documents created between a landlord who oversees a real property and a tenant who wishes to use it. These contracts establish the terms and conditions that both parties have to follow in regard to the property including the amount of the rent.
Connecticut Rental Agreement Types
Common Rental Agreements in Connecticut
- Connecticut’s Department of Housing Unite CT Rental Terms Form – this form only applies to tenants residing in a hotel/motel or has an oral living arrangement with their landlord. This form documents the rental term, rent payment, and lists additional expenses that the tenant is responsible for.
Connecticut Required Lease Disclosures
- Landlord’s Name & Address (required for all) – A Connecticut lease agreement must include contact information such as the name and address of the agent authorized to act on behalf of the rental property so that legal documentation can be served, if required.
- Common Interest Community Notice (required for some) – If the rental unit is located in a Connecticut common interest community, there must be a notice in the lease agreement alerting prospective tenants that there may be expectations set forth as part of the common interest community.
- Operative Fire Sprinkler System Notice (required for all) – All Connecticut lease agreements must include a written notice, in 12-point and uniform font, disclosing whether or not there is a functioning fire sprinkler in the rental unit as well as any maintenance history to ensure it is up to date and safe for occupancy.
- Bed Bug Disclosure (required for all) – For the safety of potential tenants, Connecticut landlords may not rent out any property with an active infestation, and if there is an adjacent or contiguous property with an infestation, this must also be disclosed in addition to the inspection history upon request.
- Lead-Based Paint Disclosures (required for some) – National lead paint laws require Connecticut landlords to provide written disclosure of any known lead paint hazards in a rental property built before 1978, which includes an EPA pamphlet and a separate lead-based paint disclosure form to inform tenants of the dangers they pose.
To learn more about required disclosures in Connecticut, click here.
Connecticut Landlord Tenant Laws
- Warranty of Habitability – Connecticut landlords are responsible for keeping common areas clean, as well as providing tenants with proper lighting, sanitation facilities, plumbing, trash receptacles, and more. If any of these amenities falls into disrepair, a landlord must act to repair it within 15 days of a request. Otherwise, the affected tenant may withhold rent or perform a repair and deduct (if it’s a single-family dwelling).
- Evictions – Connecticut landlords may seek eviction if their tenant fails to pay rent (3-day notice), breaks a lease term (15-day notice), discontinuance of rental unit (3-day notice), or commits an illegal act (15-day notice) to name a few. Evictions in Connecticut usually take a month or more.
- Security Deposits – Most Connecticut tenants cannot be charged more than the value of 2 months’ rent as a security deposit. However, a tenant over the age of 62 cannot be charged more than 1 months’ rent. In both cases, all remaining funds must be returned to the tenant either 15 days after receiving written notice of a forwarding address or 30 days after they move out.
- Lease Termination – In Connecticut, tenants are required to give 3 days of notice when evicting a month-to-month tenant. A landlord may be required to grant an early termination if their tenant presents a claim of active military duty, landlord harassment, lease term violation, domestic violence, advanced age/poor health, etc.
- Rent Increases & Fees – Connecticut landlords are not required to provide rent increase notices. They also do not need to justify these increases. A similar standard is applied to charged fees, which can be set at any level desired.
- Landlord Entry – A Connecticut landlord may enter an occupied unit if they receive permission in advance and enter at a “reasonable” hour. This does not apply to emergencies, court order granting access, absent tenant, or tenant no longer occupies the property.
- Settling Legal Disputes – Formal disputes valued at $5,000 or less can be settled in Connecticut’s small claims court. However, landlords and tenants in certain jurisdictions may have their case governed by a local Housing Session, instead.
To learn more about landlord tenant laws in Connecticut, click here.