The Maryland rental agreements are contracts that establish a relationship between a landlord and a tenant who wishes to use a real property. These documents determine the terms for use of the property, including the amount of the rent and the duration of the tenancy.
The Maryland residential lease agreement ("rental agreement") outlines the terms and conditions of the residential use of real estate in exchange for rent payments. This contract is legally binding between the landlord and the tenant, describing the rights and responsibilities of each party. Create an official Maryland standard residential lease agreement (see…
The Maryland month-to-month rental agreement or “tenancy at will,” allows a tenant to rent from a landlord for a period of one month at a time for a fee. This document has no end date but enables either party to alter or terminate the agreement monthly. These are typically called at-will leases,…
The Maryland rental application form allows landlords to access prospective tenants’ credit information, criminal history, and more. This helps them choose a viable tenant to rent or lease a property. Each occupant over 18 must submit an application and pay the application fee. A well-designed, detailed form is a valuable tool that…
The Maryland sublease agreement is a binding contract that allows an existing tenant ("sublessor") to rent, or sublease, all or part of a rental property to a new tenant. The new tenant (subtenant) makes regular, periodic payments towards the initial tenant’s rent obligation in exchange for use of the property. This agreement…
The Maryland roommate agreement (“room rental agreement”) is a document that outlines all of the financials, rules, and regulations associated with multiple tenants in a shared living situation (“co-tenants”). Each co-tenant must sign the contract to remain in compliance with Maryland state law. The roommate agreement can serve as a legally-binding arrangement,…
The Maryland commercial lease agreement is a contract that lays out the terms and conditions associated with renting a commercial space. This document establishes a relationship between the landlord and the tenant (business). Due to the significant expense of a commercial property, these leases are usually longer than residential leases. Maryland Commercial…
Maryland Required Lease Disclosures
- Landlord’s Name & Address (required for all) – For the purpose of serving legal notices, every Maryland landlord must provide a notice in or alongside their lease agreement that outlines contact information of any agent or landlord authorized to act on behalf of the property.
- Security Deposit Receipt (required for some) – When a Maryland landlord chooses to charge a security deposit, they must include a receipt for the deposit which includes a notice of the right to complete a move-in and move-out checklist within 15 days of tenancy, the right to an inspection for itemized deductions from the security deposit, and notice that the landlord is responsible for damages of 3-times the security deposit if this statue isn’t followed to ensure all damages are accounted for upon ending the lease.
- Water & Sewage Utility Obligation Disclosure (required for some) – When a Maryland tenant pays the landlord for utilities that are part of a shared 1 or 2-unit building, the landlord must provide a disclosure that mentions this fact and gives notice that the tenant is entitled to receive copies of the utility bill they are responsible for so tenants can verify they are being charged appropriately.
- Lead Based Paint Disclosure (required for some) – If built before 1978, each Maryland residential lease must include a lead based paint disclosure form and EPA-approved pamphlet regarding the dangers of lead paint, plus notice of any known hazards that exist in the rental building to help reduce the health risk associated with living among lead based paints.
To learn more about required disclosures in Maryland, click here.
Maryland Landlord Tenant Laws
- Warranty of Habitability – Maryland requires all landlords to provide their tenants with adequate hot and cold water access, in-unit heating, plumbing, electric outlets, and fire exits. These amenities must all be kept in working condition and repaired within a “reasonable” timeframe (usually 30 days). If repairs are not provided, an effected tenant can perform a repair and deduct or withhold rent outright.
- Evictions – A Maryland tenant who fails to pay rent, commits an illegal act, or breaks a leasing term may be evicted after being served a 14-day notice. To that end, most evictions in Maryland can be completed within a tight 2 weeks.
- Security Deposits – Maryland landlords can only charge security deposits valued at up twice the applicable rent rate. These deposits must then be returned within the 45 days following a tenant’s lease termination.
- Lease Termination – Maryland tenants can terminate their month-to-month leases only after issuing 30 days of notice to their landlord. Meanwhile, a fixed-term tenant can break their lease early by supplying proof of any of the following exemptions: active military duty, domestic or sexual violence, landlord harassment, or an uninhabitable dwelling.
- Rent Increases & Fees – Maryland does allow local jurisdictions to institute rent control. Even so, most of the state allows landlords to raise rent as high as they want. These raises do not require notice or justification unless otherwise locally mandated. Some operational fees are also limited by the state. This includes late rent fees, which cannot exceed 5% in value of the absent rent payment.
- Landlord Entry – Maryland does not prohibit landlords from entering a dwelling at any time. Any limitations of this kind (including those pertaining to emergencies) must derive from a lease agreement.
- Settling Legal Disputes – To settle a legal dispute, landlords and tenants in Maryland may file suit in the state’s small claims court. These claims cannot exceed $5,000 in value, including those relating to evictions.
To learn more about landlord tenant laws in Maryland, click here.