The Missouri rental agreements are contracts created when a tenant wants to use real property in exchange for regular payments (“rent”) made to the landlord or property owner. These documents contain all the terms and conditions associated with the rental and must comply with Missouri’s landlord-tenant laws.
Missouri Rental Agreement Types
Missouri Required Lease Disclosures
- Landlord’s Name & Address (required for all) – All Missouri landlords must provide their contact information in the lease agreement (or that of an agent authorized to act on behalf of the property) for serving legal notices and receiving correspondence.
- Methamphetamine Contamination Disclosure (required for some) – Any actual knowledge relating to the production, use, or storage of methamphetamine must be disclosed in a Missouri lease agreement to inform future tenants about any potentially existing contamination and limit liability in case of exposure to new tenants.
- Lead-Based Paint Disclosures (required for some) – For tenant safety, Missouri landlords have to provide disclosure of the potential risks of lead-based paint in homes built prior to 1978 with a specific disclosure form and pamphlet in addition to any known hazards in the building.
To learn more about required disclosures in Missouri, click here.
Missouri Landlord Tenant Laws
- Warranty of Habitability – Missouri requires its landlords to make all of their rentable units fully “fit for human habitation.” However, the state does not specify which amenities must always be present. The state requires landlords to respond to the request and make repairs within 14 days. Failure to do so may allow a tenant to perform a repair and deduct action under certain circumstances. The law does not allow for a tenant to withhold rent.
- Evictions –Missouri landlords may evict tenants for a number of reasons including, but not limited to failure to pay rent, a violation of a leasing term, or committing an illegal act. Landlords must provide tenants with prior notice to quit, depending on the type of eviction.
- Security Deposits – In Missouri, a security deposit collected by a landlord cannot be valued at more than twice the cost of rent. Landlords have 30 days after the termination of tenancy to return any unused portion of the security deposit.
- Lease Termination – To break off a month-to-month lease, a Missouri tenant must supply a one month’s notice. Meanwhile, a fixed-term lease can be terminated early based upon active military duty, domestic violence, landlord harassment, or a continuously uninhabitable living space.
- Rent Increases & Fees – Landlords in Missouri may raise rent without any prior notice. Additionally, a landlord may collect a late fee as long as it’s “reasonable” and should be $20 or 20% of the monthly rent. Bounced check fees are capped at $25.
- Landlord Entry – Tenants are not required to give the landlord access to the property under Missouri law unless it is written into the lease agreement.
- Settling Legal Disputes – Non-eviction cases valued at up to $5,000 can be heard in Missouri’s small claims court. These cases must fall within the 10-year (for written lease agreements) or 5-year (for oral lease agreements) statute of limitations.
To learn more about landlord tenant laws in Missouri, click here.