The Minnesota rental agreements are contracts between a landlord and a tenant. Both parties must comply with the terms and conditions defined in the agreements, which include the amount of the rent, duration of the tenancy, and more. The terms of the agreements cannot supersede Minnesota state laws.
The Minnesota residential lease agreement (“rental agreement”) is a binding agreement that allows a tenant to occupy a landlord’s property for a designated period of time in exchange for rent. When authorizing a lease agreement, the landlord should first check the tenant’s credit, background, and rental history. Create an official Minnesota standard…
The Minnesota month-to-month rental agreement is a written document that allows a tenant to rent property from a landlord for a period of thirty (30) days at a time in exchange for a fee. These contracts renew automatically at the beginning of each month. Throughout the country, some renters and landlords prefer…
The Minnesota rental application form is part of the application process that landlords use to determine the best tenant to rent or lease their property. This form must be compliant with the Federal Fair Housing Act, and the prospective tenant must usually pay an application fee. A well-designed, detailed form is a…
The Minnesota sublease agreement is a contract that allows an existing tenant ("sublessor") to rent (“sublet”) all (or a portion) of a rental property to a new tenant (“subtenant”). The subtenant makes periodic payments that may or may not be equivalent to the rent due to the existing tenant’s lease. Sometimes, the…
The Minnesota roommate agreement (“room rental agreement”) is a valuable document that is used by two or more tenants sharing the expenses of one rental property. This contract outlines the financial expectations and social obligations of sharing the space and must be signed by all co-tenants residing on the property. In the…
The Minnesota commercial lease agreement is a contract used by a business entity to rent office, industrial, or retail space. This document establishes the relationship between the landlord and tenant (business) by outlining the terms and conditions associated with renting the space. Minnesota Commercial Landlord/Tenant Laws Commercial leases typically have much longer…
Minnesota Required Lease Disclosures
- Landlord’s Name & Address (required for all) – Minnesota leases must include the landlord or acting agent’s name and address to establish communication for serving legal notices, if required.
- Late Fee Disclosure (required for some) – All late or returned check fees must be outlined in a Minnesota lease agreement to be enforceable, and late fees may not exceed 8%.
- Inspection & Condemnation Disclosure (required for some) – Any Minnesota property with outstanding citations for dangerous health and safety orders must include a disclosure about the violation and/or pending inspection related to it, or provide notice that the inspection report is available upon request so that new tenants can make an informed decision about their lease and landlords can limit liability resulting from any violations.
- Financial Distress Disclosure (required for some) – If the property is facing foreclosure, a Minnesota lease agreement must include the date of the pending cancellation so that tenants are not displaced from their homes without notice, which would implicate the landlord.
- Shared Utility Agreement (required for some) – For Minnesota properties with shared utilities, the landlord must assume sole responsibility of the bill and disclose this fact in or alongside the lease in addition to outlining how the charges will be allocated and the breakdown of shared utility bills from the past 2 years upon request to ensure all charges are applied correctly and utilities can be maintained within habitability guidelines.
- Lead Based Paint Disclosure (required for some) – Minnesota requires that all lease agreements for pre-1978 building include an informational pamphlet from the EPA along with a lead based paint disclosure and notice of any existing hazards in the property for rent to limit potential health risks associated with the hazard.
To learn more about required disclosures in Minnesota, click here.
Minnesota Landlord Tenant Laws
- Warranty of Habitability – Minnesota does not require landlords to provide specific amenities. Instead, all units rented by a landlord must be fit for human habitation and kept in a reasonable state of repair. To that end, a landlord here must make all requested repairs within 14 days of a request. If they are not made, a Minnesota tenant may be allowed to withhold rent.
- Evictions – Minnesota does not maintain notice periods connected to tenant evictions. However, it still empowers landlords to evict tenants who fail to pay rent, commit illegal acts, or violate their leasing terms. In practice, this means that an evictions length will depend broadly on the guidance of an applicable lease agreement.
- Security Deposits – Current Minnesota laws do not limit the amount a landlord can charge as a security deposit. However, these laws do require all held security deposits to be returned within 3 weeks of a lease’s termination. This return period is only 5 days if the termination was due to uninhabitability.
- Lease Termination – A month-to-month lease in Minnesota can be terminated by a tenant if they provide notice equal to the frequency at which they make rent payments. Meanwhile, a tenant in a fixed-term lease can break off their lease early if they qualify for termination due to active military duty, domestic violence, landlord harassment, or unit uninhabitability.
- Rent Increases & Fees – Landlords in Minnesota are free to raise rent as much as they want without justification. However, they are required to provide notice equal to 1 month plus 1 day prior to such an increase becoming active. This state also allows landlords to charge most types of fees, as long as they are outlined in a lease agreement. Late rent fees are caped at 8% of the missing rent amount, though.
- Landlord Entry – Minnesota landlords only need to provide “reasonable” notice prior to entering for a non-emergency situation. No amount of notice is required for an emergency entry, though, especially if a tenant is at risk for harm.
- Settling Legal Disputes – While evictions cannot be settled here, Minnesota’s small claims courts will hear cases valued at up to $15,000. Individual county courts may also have higher or lower claim limits for eviction cases.
To learn more about landlord tenant laws in Minnesota, click here.